Making Judgments - Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers with solutions or explanation for interview, entrance tests and competitive exams. Practice online quiz, fully solved examples with detailed answers.
The school principal has received complaints from parents about bullying in the school yard during recess. He wants to investigate and end this situation as soon as possible, so he has asked the recess aides to watch closely. Which situation should the recess aides report to the principal?
- A. A girl is sitting glumly on a bench reading a
book and not interacting with her peers.
- B. Four girls are surrounding another girl and
seem to have possession of her backpack.
- C. Two boys are playing a one-on-one game of
basketball and are arguing over the last basket scored.
- D. Three boys are huddled over a handheld
video game, which isn’t supposed to be on
Answer: Option B
Seeing four girls surrounding another girl,
while in possession of her backpack, is the most suspicious of the incidents described.
Dr. Miller has a busy pediatric dentistry practice and she needs a skilled, reliable hygienist to keep things running smoothly. The last two people she hired were recommended by top dentists in the area, but they each lasted less than one month. She is now in desperate need of a hygienist who can competently handle the specific challenges of her practice. Which one of the following candidates should Dr. Miller consider most seriously?
- A. Marilyn has been a hygienist for fifteen
years, and her current employer, who is
about to retire, says she is the best in the
business. The clientele she has worked with consists of some of the wealthiest and most powerful citizens in the county.
- B. Lindy recently graduated at the top of her
class from one of the best dental hygiene
programs in the state. Prior to becoming a
dental hygienist, Lindy spent two years
working in a day care center.
- C. James has worked as a dental hygienist for
three years in a public health clinic. He is
very interested in securing a position in a
private dental office.
- D. Kathy is an experienced and highly recommended dental hygienist who is also finishing up a degree in early childhood
education, which she hopes will get her a
job as a preschool teacher. She is eager to
find a job in a pediatric practice, since she has always wanted to work with children.
Answer: Option B
The situation described indicates that Dr.
Miller’s practice presents some specific challenges, namely that it is a busy environment with a child clientele. There is also some indication that even highly recommended, experienced hygienists might not be cut out for Dr.Miller’s office. There is nothing to suggest that Marilyn (choice a) or James (choice c) would be a good fit for Dr.Miller’s practice. Kathy (choice
d) has experience and she is also interested in working with children. However, the fact that she hopes to become a preschool teacher in the not-too-distant future indicates that she might not be the kind of committed, long-term employee that Dr. Miller needs. Lindy (choice b), with her hands-on experience working with children as well as a degree from a prestigious dental hygiene program, is the most attractive candidate for the position based on the situation
Mrs. Jansen recently moved to Arizona. She wants to fill her new backyard with flowering plants. Although she is an experienced gardener, she isn’t very well-versed in what plants will do well in the Arizona climate. Also, there is a big tree in her backyard making for shady conditions and she isn’t sure what plants will thrive without much direct sunlight. Her favorite gardening catalog offers several backyard seed packages. Which one should Mrs. Jansen choose?
- A. The Rainbow Collection is ideal for Northeast
gardens. It includes a variety of colorful
perennials that thrive in cool, moist
- B. The Greenhouse Collection will blossom
year after year if planted in brightly lit locations and watered regularly.
- C. The Tree house Collection will provide lush
green plants with delicate colorful flowers that thrive in shady and partially shady
- D. The Oasis Collection includes a variety of
perennials that thrive in dry climates and
Answer: Option C
The Tree house Collection is the only package
that can thrive in shady locations. Choice a
requires a Northeastern climate. Choices b and
d require bright sunlight.
Eileen is planning a special birthday dinner for her husband’s 35th birthday. She wants the evening to be memorable, but her husband is a simple man who would rather be in jeans at a baseball game than in a suit at a fancy restaurant. Which restaurant below should Eileen choose?
- A. Alfredo’s offers fine Italian cuisine and an
elegant Tuscan décor. Patrons will feel as
though they’ve spent the evening in a luxurious Italian villa.
- B. Pancho’s Mexican Buffet is an all-you-can eat
family style smorgasbord with the best
tacos in town.
- C. The Parisian Bistro is a four-star French
restaurant where guests are treated like royalty. Chef Dilbert Olay is famous for his
- D. Marty’s serves delicious, hearty meals in a
charming setting reminiscent of a baseball
clubhouse in honor of the owner,Marty
Lester, a former major league baseball all star.
Answer: Option D
Since Eileen’s husband does not enjoy fancy
restaurants, choices a and c can be ruled out. Choice b, although casual, doesn’t sound as though it would be the kind of special and memorable evening that Eileen is looking for. Choice d, which is owned by a former baseball star and is described as “charming” and “reminiscent of a baseball clubhouse,” sounds perfect for Eileen’s husband, who is described as a baseball
fan and a man with simple tastes.
Mark is working with a realtor to find a location for the toy store he plans to open in his town. He is looking for a place that is either in, or not too far from, the center of town and one that would attract the right kind of foot traffic. Which of the following locations should Mark’s realtor call to his attention?
- A. a storefront in a new high-rise building
near the train station in the center of town
whose occupants are mainly young, childless professionals who use the train to commute
to their offices each day
- B. a little shop three blocks away from the
town’s main street, located across the street
from an elementary school and next door
to an ice cream store
- C. a stand-alone storefront on a quiet residential street ten blocks away from the town’s center
- D. a storefront in a small strip mall located on
the outskirts of town that is also occupied
by a pharmacy and a dry cleaner
Answer: Option B
This option is both near the center of town and in a location (near a school and an ice cream store) where children and their parents are sure to be around. This is the only option that meets both of Mark’s requirements.