This is aptitude questions and answers section on Mixtures and Allegations with explanation for various interview quiz, competitive examinations and entrance tests.

1. A mixture of 150 liters of wine and water contains 20% water. How much more water should be added so that water becomes 25% of the new mixture?
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Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Number of liters of water in150 liters of the mixture = 20% of 150 = 20/100 * 150 = 30 liters.

P liters of water added to the mixture to make water 25% of the new mixture.

Total amount of water becomes (30 + P) and total volume of mixture is (150 + P).

(30 + P) = 25/100 * (150 + P)

120 + 4P = 150 + P => P = 10 liters.

2. A vessel contains 20 liters of a mixture of milk and water in the ratio 3:2. 10 liters of the mixture are removed and replaced with an equal quantity of pure milk. If the process is repeated once more, find the ratio of milk and water in the final mixture obtained?
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Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Milk = 3/5 * 20 = 12 liters, water = 8 liters

If 10 liters of mixture are removed, amount of milk removed = 6 liters and amount of water removed = 4 liters.

Remaining milk = 12 - 6 = 6 liters

Remaining water = 8 - 4 = 4 liters

10 liters of pure milk are added, therefore total milk = (6 + 10) = 16 liters.

The ratio of milk and water in the new mixture = 16:4 = 4:1

If the process is repeated one more time and 10 liters of the mixture are removed, then amount of milk removed = 4/5 * 10 = 8 liters.

Amount of water removed = 2 liters.

Remaining milk = (16 - 8) = 8 liters.

Remaining water = (4 -2) = 2 liters.

The required ratio of milk and water in the final mixture obtained = (8 + 10):2 = 18:2 = 9:1.

3. In what ratio should two varieties of sugar of Rs.18 per kg and Rs.24 kg be mixed together to get a mixture whose cost is Rs.20 per kg?
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4. How many liters of oil at Rs.40 per liter should be mixed with 240 liters of a second variety of oil at Rs.60 per liter so as to get a mixture whose cost is Rs.52 per liter?
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5. Two varieties of wheat - A and B costing Rs. 9 per kg and Rs. 15 per kg were mixed in the ratio 3 : 7. If 5 kg of the mixture is sold at 25% profit, find the profit made?
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Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the quantities of A and B mixed be 3x kg and 7x kg.

Cost of 3x kg of A = 9(3x) = Rs. 27x

Cost of 7x kg of B = 15(7x) = Rs. 105x

Cost of 10x kg of the mixture = 27x + 105x = Rs. 132x

Cost of 5 kg of the mixture = 132x/10x (5) = Rs. 66

Profit made in selling 5 kg of the mixture = 25/100 (cost of 5 kg of the mixture) = 25/100 * 66 = Rs. 16.50